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Macedonia has an excellent supply of well-educated IT experts at among the lowest labor costs in the region. Some 500 IT graduates are produced annually in the Universities. A software engineer with 1 to 2 years experience costs from €500 to €600 net per month.
The telecommunications system is first class and is regarded as the best in the region.
A number of international companies such as Seavus (Sweden), Netcetera (Switzerland), M Soft (France), 6PM (UK/Malta) are successfully developing software in Macedonia for the export market and others are providing 24/7 telephone customer support for major multi-national IT companies.
As one of the fastest growing industries in Macedonia, with a growth rate of about 47% in the last 5 years, the IT and software industry is of growing importance for the overall economic development of the country. In 2011 it was already accountable for $178.98 million turnover, $56.31 m of exports and employed more than 2000 people.
Hardware is the largest and most dynamic segment of the Macedonian IT market, with a striking yearly growth of 84.7%, taking up nearly 62% of the total IT market. IT services is the second largest segment, comprising 25.6% of the total IT expenditure, whereas packaged software is in third place comprising 13% of the total market, with an 8.2% yearly growth rate.
This growth is spurred by large investments by the government and telecommunications companies in IT, continued spending in the financial sector, a decrease in the price of IT equipment, and a decrease in VAT for the equipment.
ICT TECHNOLOGY PENETRATION
Fixed telephony has become nearly extinct with the rise in popularity of mobile cellular telephones. According to the International Telecommunication Union, by the end of 2011, mobile cellular subscriptions exceeded fixed telephone line subscriptions by over four times. Fixed telephony has experienced nearly no growth in the last decade, in stark contrast to the mobile sector.
Fixed Telephone Lines per 100 Inhabitants (2012)
Mobile Cellular Subscribers per 100 Inhabitants (2012)
Internet Users per 100 Inhabitants (2012)
TV SUBSCRIBERS (Cable, IPTV, DVB-T and Satellite) by year
Structure of the ICT workforce
Source: IT Workforce demand survey, MASIT